CBSE Class 12 Economics Sample Question Paper 2022 (Set-1)

CBSE Class 12 Economics Sample Question Paper 2022 (Set-1)


Class 12 – Economics (030)

Time Allowed: 2 hours

Maximum Marks: 40

General Instructions:

  • This is a Subjective Question Paper containing 13 Questions.
  • This paper contains 5 questions of 2 marks each, 5 questions of 3 marks each and 3 questions of 5 marks each.
  • 2 marks questions are Short Answer Type Questions and are to be answered in 30-50 words.
  • 3 marks questions are Short Answer Type Questions and are to be answered in 50-80 words.
  • 5 marks questions are Long Answer Type Questions and are to be answered in 80-120 words.
  • This question paper contains Case/Source Based Questions.

1. Distinguish between Final Goods and Intermediate Goods.


Distinguish between positive externalities and negative externalities.

2. Calculate equilibrium level of income for a hypothetical economy, for which it is given that:

a)Autonomous Investments = ₹ 500 crores, and

b) Consumption function, C = 100 + 80Y


Calculate Change in Income (ΔY) for a hypothetical economy. Given that:

a) Marginal Propensity to Consume (MPC) = 8, and

b) Change in Investment (ΔI) = ₹1,000 crores

3. ‘As the income increases, people tend to save more’. Justify the given statement.

4. State and discuss any two indicators that help in measuring the health status of a country.


Compare and analyze the ‘Women Worker Population Ratio’ in Rural and Urban areas based on following information:

5. ‘Investment in infrastructure contributes to the economic development of a ’Justify the given statement with a valid argument.

6. Giving valid reasons explain which of the following will not be included in estimation of National Income of India?

a) Purchase of shares of X. by an investor in the National Stock Exchange.

b) Salaries paid by the French Embassy, New Delhi to the local workers of the housekeeping department.

c) Compensation paid by the Government of India to the victims of foods.


Estimate the value of Nominal Gross Domestic Product for a hypothetical economy, the value of Real Gross Domestic Product and Price Index are given as ₹500 crores and 125respectively.

7. Study the following information and compare the Economies of India and Singapore on the grounds of ‘Investment in infrastructure as a percentage of GDP’

Read the following text carefully and answer question number 8 and 9 given below:


The China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) has deepened the decades-long strategic relationship between the two nations. But it has also sparked criticism for burdening Pakistan with mountains of debt and allowing China to use its debt-trap diplomacy to gain access to strategic assets of Pakistan.

The foundations of CPEC, part of China’s Belt and Road Initiative, were laid in May 2013. At the time, Pakistan was reeling under weak economic growth. China committed to play an integral role in supporting Paki tan’s economy.


Pakistan and China have a strategic relationship that goes back decades. Pakistan turned to China at a time when it needed a rapid increase in external financing to investments in hard infrastructure, particularly power plants and highways.

meet critical CPEC’s early

harvest projects met this need, leading to a dramatic increase in Pakistan’s power generation capacity, bringing an end to supply-side constraints that had made rolling blackouts a regular occurrence across the country.

Pakistan leaned into CPEC, leveraging Chinese financing and technical assistance in an attempt to end power shortages that had paralyzed its country’s economy. Years later, China’s influence in Pakistan has increased at an unimaginable pace.


China As Pakistan’s Largest Bilateral Creditor: China’s ability to exert influence on Pakistan’s economy has grown substantially in recent years, mainly due to the fact that Beijing is now Islamabad’s largest creditor. According to documents released by Pakistan’s finance ministry, Pakistan’s total public and publicly guaranteed external debt stood at $44.35 billion in June 2013, just 9.3 percent of which was owed to China. By April 2021, this external debt had ballooned to $90.12 billion, with Pakistan owing 27.4 percent —$24.7 billion — of its total external debt to China, according to the International Monetary Fund (IMF).


Additionally, China provided financial and technical expertise to help Pakistan build its road infrastructure, expanding north-south connectivity to improve the efficiency of moving goods from Karachi all the way to Gilgit-Baltistan (POK). These investments were critical in better integrating the country’s ports, especially Karachi, with urban centers in Punjab and Khyber- Pakhtunkhwa provinces.


Despite power asymmetries between China and Pakistan, the latter still has tremendous agency in determining its own policies, even if such policies come at the expense of the long- term socioeconomic welfare of Pakistani citizens.

8. Outline and discuss any two economic advantages of China Pakistan Economic Corrido  (CPEC) accruing to the economy of Pakistan.

9. Analyse the implication of bilateral ‘debt-trap’ situation of Pakistan vis-à-vis the Chinese Economy.

10. Explain how ‘Non-Monetary Exchanges’ impact the use of Gross Domestic Product as an index of economic welfare.

11. ‘Monetary measures offer a valid solution to the problem of Inflationary gap in an economy’. State and discuss any two monetary measures to justify the given statement.

12. a) From the following data calculate the value of Domestic Income:

S.No. ITEMS Amount

(in ₹ Crores)

i) Compensation of Employees 2,000
ii) Rent and Interest 800
iii) Indirect Taxes 120
iv) Corporate Tax 460
v) Consumption of Fixed Capital 100
vi) Subsidies 20
vii) Dividend 940
viii) Undistributed Profits 300
ix) Net Factor Income from Abroad 150
x) Mixed Income of Self Employed 200

b) Distinguish between ‘Value of Output’ and ‘Value Added’.


a) Given the following data, find Net Value Added at Factor Cost by Sambhav (a farmer) producing Wheat:

Items (₹ in crore)
i) Sale of wheat by the farmer in the local market 6800
ii) Purchase of Tractor 5000
iii) Procurement of wheat by the Government from the farmer 200
iv) Consumption of wheat by the farming family during the Year 50
v) Expenditure on the maintenance of existing capital stock 100
vi) Subsidy 20

b) State any two components of ‘Net Factor Income from Abroad’.

13. a) ‘Pesticides are chemical compounds designed to kill Many pesticides can also pose health risks to people even if exposed to nominal quantities.

In the light of the above statement, suggest any two traditional methods for replacement of the chemical pesticides.

b) ‘In recent times the Indian Economy has experienced the problem of Casualization of the workforce. This problem has only been aggravated by the outbreak of COVID-19.’

Do you agree with the given statement? Discuss any two disadvantages of casualization of the workforce in the light of the above statement.

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